The Future of a More Differentiated E(M)U
Janis A. Emmanouilidis
EU60: Refounding Europe. The Responsibility to Propose
This paper argues that future EMU reforms will require a higher level of differentiation between Euro and non-Euro countries. However, the creation of a closed core Europe involving merely the willing and able, which would establish a two-tier Europe with different institutionalized classes of membership, is neither likely nor desirable. It should not be the Leitbild (guiding concept) steering the way towards a more differentiated Europe. The EU and its members should rather adhere to the notion of functional-pragmatic differentiation by applying instruments of differentiated integration foreseen by the EU Treaties. However, given the experience since 2010, member states are likely to continue to revert to intergovernmental avenues of differentiation outside the EUs framework. In this case, it would be advisable to make sure that future agreements/arrangements follow the logic and principles of an intergovernmental avant-garde to avoid some of the risks linked to a higher level of cooperation outside the Unions legal framework.
The paper was prepared within the context of EU60: Re-Founding Europe. The Responsibility to Propose, an initiative launched by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI), in cooperation with the Centro Studi sul Federalismo (CSF) and in the framework of IAIs strategic partnership with the Compagnia di San Paolo, on the occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Treaties of Rome.
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Differentiated EUrope 2035 – Infographic
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Infographic based on EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 10/2021
Differentiated EUrope 2035 – video
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Video based on EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 10/2021
The debate on the future of Europe has a German problem
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Differentiated EUrope 2035 – Elaboration and Evaluation of Five Potential Scenarios
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 09/2021
The age of permacrisis
Ricardo Borges de Castro, Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Fabian Zuleeg, Op-ed Euractiv, Brussels 04/2021
Europe in the age of permacrisis
Ricardo Borges de Castro, Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Fabian Zuleeg, EPC Commentary, Brussels 03/2021
Conference on the Future of Europe – Mind the Gaps!
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Corina Stratulat, EPC Commentary, Brussels 03/2021
Deutschland in der EU
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Michael Bauer, in Werner Weidenfeld, Wolfgang Wessels and Funda Tekin (eds.), Europa von A-Z: Taschenbuch der europäischen Integration, SpringerVS 01/2021
High hope, low expectations – Brussels' perspective on the future of Europe after COVID-19
Stefan Denig | Janis A. Emmanouilidis | Johannes Greubel | Corina Stratulat | Holger Thiel, Report by EPC, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, ifok, Brussels 10/2020
COVID19: Lessons form the 'euro crisis'
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Fabian Zuleeg, EPC Discussion Paper, Brussels 04/2020