The Future of a More Differentiated E(M)U
Janis A. Emmanouilidis
EU60: Refounding Europe. The Responsibility to Propose
This paper argues that future EMU reforms will require a higher level of differentiation between Euro and non-Euro countries. However, the creation of a closed core Europe involving merely the willing and able, which would establish a two-tier Europe with different institutionalized classes of membership, is neither likely nor desirable. It should not be the Leitbild (guiding concept) steering the way towards a more differentiated Europe. The EU and its members should rather adhere to the notion of functional-pragmatic differentiation by applying instruments of differentiated integration foreseen by the EU Treaties. However, given the experience since 2010, member states are likely to continue to revert to intergovernmental avenues of differentiation outside the EUs framework. In this case, it would be advisable to make sure that future agreements/arrangements follow the logic and principles of an intergovernmental avant-garde to avoid some of the risks linked to a higher level of cooperation outside the Unions legal framework.
The paper was prepared within the context of EU60: Re-Founding Europe. The Responsibility to Propose, an initiative launched by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI), in cooperation with the Centro Studi sul Federalismo (CSF) and in the framework of IAIs strategic partnership with the Compagnia di San Paolo, on the occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Treaties of Rome.
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Herman Van Rompuy and Brigid Laffan et al., Project Syndicate, Brussels 06/2022
Under Construction: Citizen Participation in the European Union
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After the Conference on the Future of Europe – Moving into a new era
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Conference on the Future of Europe: What worked, what now, what next?
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Theodora Famprikezi, Johannes Greubel, Dominik Hierlemann, Perle Petit, Georg E. Riekeles and Corina Stratulat, Brussels 02/2022
Differentiated EUrope 2035 – Infographic
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Infographic based on EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 10/2021
Differentiated EUrope 2035 – video
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Video based on EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 10/2021
Η ΕΛΛΑΔΑ ΣΤΗΝ ΕΥΡΩΠΗ ΤΟΥ 2040
Loukas Tsoukalis | Thodoris Georgakopoulos | Ruby Gropas | Maria Demertzis | Janis A. Emmanouilidis | George Pagoulatos | Axel Sotiris Waldén | , ΛΕΥΚΗ ΒΗΒΛΟΣ «Η ΕΛΛΑΔΑ ΤΟ 2040» (Greece in Europe 2040), Athens 10/2021