Alternatives between Full Membership and Non-Membership – Fata Morgana or Silver Bullet?
Janis A. Emmanouilidis
Paper prepared for the conference "The EU and its Neighbours: In Search of New Forms of Partnership", Sounio, July 3-6, 2008
The EU faces a double challenge: On the one hand, the Union needs to provide the neighbouring countries with a more attractive offer in order to make sure that EU conditionality continues to be effective. On the other, it needs to acknowledge the widespread doubts about further rounds of widening. Under these circumstances it comes as no surprise that the pressure to explore innovative ways to affiliate EU neighbouring countries beneath the level of a full and unlimited EU membership has increased.
The present paper discusses alternative forms of association and integration beneath the level of full membership. It argues that the current level of association between the EU and its neighbours can be extended. However, any form of Association Plus will at some stage reach its limits and loose its attractiveness, if the affiliated country strongly aspires to join the club. In this situation the EU can either (i) deny the neighbouring countries wish to go beyond the association paradigm, (ii) open up the classical path towards EU accession, or (iii) look for alternatives beyond an Association Plus. In the latter case the EU will have to offer the neighbouring countries a substantial dimension of EU membership by offering them a say in the Unions decision-making system. Moving beyond the association paradigm, the EU could offer two alternatives: Partial Membership or Limited Membership.
In the end the papers discusses the prospects of alternative forms of association and integration and identifies four things which would increase the chances that alternatives beneath the level of full membership progress from theory into practice.
The paper was prepared for the conference "The EU and its Neighbours: In Search of New Forms of Partnership", organized by ELIAMEP and the Bertelsmann Foundation in Sounio between 3-6 July 2008.
Re-unite EUrope – A shared Leitmotiv for the next EU leadership
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Challenge Europe – Yes, we should!, Brussels 04/2019
Yes, we should! – EU priorities for 2019-2024
Janis A. Emmanouilidis et al, Challenge Europe, Brussels 04/2019
Challenge Europe – Introduction | Yes, we should!
Janis A. Emmanouilidis et al, Challenge Europe – Yes, we should!, Brussels 04/2019
The need to 'Re-unite EUrope': the results of another Brexit summit
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Post-summit Analysis, Brussels 12/2018
Time to move up a gear
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Post-summit Analysis, Brussels 07/2018
La réforme de l'Europe ne pourra se faire sans compromis
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Le Monde, Paris 05/2018
Re-energising Europe: a package deal for the EU27
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, King Baudouin Foundation, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Open Society Initiative for Europe, European Policy Centre, Third report 'New Pact for Europe' project, Brussels 11/2017
Time to re-energise Europe
Herman Van Rompuy, Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Euractiv, Brussels 11/2017
Keeping the 'open society' open
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Alliance Magazine, London 04/2017
The 2017 elections across Europe: facts, expectations and consequences
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Francesca Fabbri, Yann-Sven Rittelmeyer, Adriaan Schout, Corina Stratulat, Fabian Zuleeg, EPC, Brussels 03/2017