Alternatives between Full Membership and Non-Membership – Fata Morgana or Silver Bullet?
Janis A. Emmanouilidis
Paper prepared for the conference "The EU and its Neighbours: In Search of New Forms of Partnership", Sounio, July 3-6, 2008
The EU faces a double challenge: On the one hand, the Union needs to provide the neighbouring countries with a more attractive offer in order to make sure that EU conditionality continues to be effective. On the other, it needs to acknowledge the widespread doubts about further rounds of widening. Under these circumstances it comes as no surprise that the pressure to explore innovative ways to affiliate EU neighbouring countries beneath the level of a full and unlimited EU membership has increased.
The present paper discusses alternative forms of association and integration beneath the level of full membership. It argues that the current level of association between the EU and its neighbours can be extended. However, any form of Association Plus will at some stage reach its limits and loose its attractiveness, if the affiliated country strongly aspires to join the club. In this situation the EU can either (i) deny the neighbouring countries wish to go beyond the association paradigm, (ii) open up the classical path towards EU accession, or (iii) look for alternatives beyond an Association Plus. In the latter case the EU will have to offer the neighbouring countries a substantial dimension of EU membership by offering them a say in the Unions decision-making system. Moving beyond the association paradigm, the EU could offer two alternatives: Partial Membership or Limited Membership.
In the end the papers discusses the prospects of alternative forms of association and integration and identifies four things which would increase the chances that alternatives beneath the level of full membership progress from theory into practice.
The paper was prepared for the conference "The EU and its Neighbours: In Search of New Forms of Partnership", organized by ELIAMEP and the Bertelsmann Foundation in Sounio between 3-6 July 2008.
The age of permacrisis
Ricardo Borges de Castro, Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Fabian Zuleeg, Op-ed Euractiv, Brussels 04/2021
Europe in the age of permacrisis
Ricardo Borges de Castro, Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Fabian Zuleeg, EPC Commentary, Brussels 03/2021
Conference on the Future of Europe – Mind the Gaps!
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Corina Stratulat, EPC Commentary, Brussels 03/2021
Deutschland in der EU
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Michael Bauer, in Werner Weidenfeld, Wolfgang Wessels and Funda Tekin (eds.), Europa von A-Z: Taschenbuch der europäischen Integration, SpringerVS 01/2021
High hope, low expectations – Brussels' perspective on the future of Europe after COVID-19
Stefan Denig | Janis A. Emmanouilidis | Johannes Greubel | Corina Stratulat | Holger Thiel, Report by EPC, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, ifok, Brussels 10/2020
COVID19: Lessons form the 'euro crisis'
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Fabian Zuleeg, EPC Discussion Paper, Brussels 04/2020
Europe under siege
Fabian Zuleeg and Janis A. Emmanouilidis, EPC Commentary, Brussels 03/2020
Deutschland in der EU
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Michael Bauer, in Werner Weidenfeld, Wolfgang Wessels and Funda Tekin (eds.), Europa von A-Z: Taschenbuch der europäischen Integration, Springer VS, Wiesbaden 02/2020
Second Draft Blueprint for Conference on the Future of Europe
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Corina Stratulat, Blueprint, Brussels 01/2020
It’s time to discuss Europe’s future – A first Draft Blueprint for the Conference on the Future of Europe
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Corina Stratulat, EPC Commentary, Brussels 11/2019