Differentiated Europe – Nine Recommendations

Janis A. Emmanouilidis

ELIAMEP Thesis 1/2008

Athens 05/2008

This first issue of the new series ELIAMEP Thesis discusses the prospects for differentiated integration in an EU 27+. The paper argues that the European Union (EU) will require different speeds, if the enlarged and politically, economically and geopolitically more heterogeneous EU wants to remain effective. It claims that the future path of differentiation will not be dominated by one single model of differentiation. In practice, we are rather likely to witness the application of many and diverse types of flexible integration, ranging from the creation of a new separate Union to very limited forms of closer cooperation between a small group of EU members within and outside the EU framework. But which path towards a more differentiated Europe should be followed? Which forms of differentiated integration should be avoided and which preferred? The paper includes nine recommendations in an attempt to answers these questions.


Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Differentiated Europe – Nine Recommendations, ELIAMEP Thesis, 1/2008, Athens, May 2008

All issues of ELIAMEP Thesis can be downloaded here.

The paper was also published in the May 2008 issue of Greek Diplomatic Life.

Latest publications

Differentiated EUrope 2035 – Infographic
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Infographic based on EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 10/2021

Differentiated EUrope 2035 – video
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Video based on EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 10/2021

Loukas Tsoukalis | Thodoris Georgakopoulos | Ruby Gropas | Maria Demertzis | Janis A. Emmanouilidis | George Pagoulatos | Axel Sotiris Waldén | , ΛΕΥΚΗ ΒΗΒΛΟΣ «Η ΕΛΛΑΔΑ ΤΟ 2040» (Greece in Europe 2040), Athens 10/2021

The debate on the future of Europe has a German problem
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Johannes Greubel, Brussels 09/2021

Differentiated EUrope 2035 – Elaboration and Evaluation of Five Potential Scenarios
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, EU IDEA Policy Paper No. 16, Brussels 09/2021

The age of permacrisis
Ricardo Borges de Castro, Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Fabian Zuleeg, Op-ed Euractiv, Brussels 04/2021

Europe in the age of permacrisis
Ricardo Borges de Castro, Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Fabian Zuleeg, EPC Commentary, Brussels 03/2021

Conference on the Future of Europe – Mind the Gaps!
Janis A. Emmanouilidis and Corina Stratulat, EPC Commentary, Brussels 03/2021

Deutschland in der EU
Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Michael Bauer, in Werner Weidenfeld, Wolfgang Wessels and Funda Tekin (eds.), Europa von A-Z: Taschenbuch der europäischen Integration, SpringerVS 01/2021

High hope, low expectations – Brussels' perspective on the future of Europe after COVID-19
Stefan Denig | Janis A. Emmanouilidis | Johannes Greubel | Corina Stratulat | Holger Thiel, Report by EPC, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, ifok, Brussels 10/2020