Differentiated Europe – Nine Recommendations

Janis A. Emmanouilidis

ELIAMEP Thesis 1/2008

Athens 05/2008

This first issue of the new series ELIAMEP Thesis discusses the prospects for differentiated integration in an EU 27+. The paper argues that the European Union (EU) will require different speeds, if the enlarged and politically, economically and geopolitically more heterogeneous EU wants to remain effective. It claims that the future path of differentiation will not be dominated by one single model of differentiation. In practice, we are rather likely to witness the application of many and diverse types of flexible integration, ranging from the creation of a new separate Union to very limited forms of closer cooperation between a small group of EU members within and outside the EU framework. But which path towards a more differentiated Europe should be followed? Which forms of differentiated integration should be avoided and which preferred? The paper includes nine recommendations in an attempt to answers these questions.


Janis A. Emmanouilidis, Differentiated Europe – Nine Recommendations, ELIAMEP Thesis, 1/2008, Athens, May 2008

All issues of ELIAMEP Thesis can be downloaded here.

The paper was also published in the May 2008 issue of Greek Diplomatic Life.

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